Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park is a designated U.S. historic park preserving two separate farm sites. A few months before Lincoln was born his parents and sister moved from nearby Elizabethtown to the property, known as Sinking Spring Farm. His father paid $200 for 348 acres of stony ground on the south fork of Nolin Creek.
The farm’s name came from a spring on the property which emerged from a deep cave, still visible today. However, Lincoln did not remember living on the farm because his family moved down the road to Knob Creek Farm when he was only two years old.
When you arrive on the grounds, you see not a log cabin but a neoclassical granite and marble structure — an improbable Greek-styled temple in the Kentucky woods. Fifty-six steps, symbolizing the number of years of Abraham Lincoln’s life, lead to the huge double front doors. Designed by architect John Russell Pope, the memorial building was constructed between 1909 and 1911 by the Lincoln Farm Association